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The Importance of Culture in Addressing Domestic Violence for First Nation's Women

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dc.contributor.author Klingspohn, Donna
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-29T19:23:58Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-29T19:23:58Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Klingspohn, Donna (2018). The Importance of Culture in Addressing Domestic Violence for First Nation's Women. Frontiers in Psychology: 9 (872), 7 pgs. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996937/pdf/fpsyg-09-00872.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/986
dc.description.abstract Indigenous women in Canada face a range of health and social issues including domestic violence. Indigenous women (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) are six times more likely to be killed than non-Aboriginal women (Homicide in Canada, 2014; Miladinovic and Mulligan, 2015). Aboriginal women are 2.5 times more likely to be victims of violence than non-Aboriginal women (Robertson, 2010). These and other statistics highlight a significant difference in the level of violence experienced by Indigenous women to that experienced by women in the mainstream population in Canada. The historical impacts of colonization and forced assimilation are viewed as the main social determinant of health for aboriginal people in Canada, as they led to intergenerational trauma, with communities struggling today against discrimination, stigma, poverty and social exclusion. Most disturbing and damaging are the outcomes of domestic violence, mental health and addiction issues (Prussing, 2014). First Nation’s women who want to leave a violent situation have limited access to helping services, as most a relocated in large cities and towns, far from remote reserves where many of the women live. Services were originally designed by and for the mainstream population. First Nation’s women who manage to access these programs often find staff with limited cultural competence and program supports that have little cultural safety or relevance for them. Indigenous culture is defined in various levels of legislation as having a set of specific rights based on their historical ties to a particular region, with cultural or historical distinctiveness from the mainstream and other populations (Indigenous Peoples at the UN, 2014). In Canada, indigenous cultural beliefs are closely tied to belief in a creator, ancestors and the natural world, influencing their spirituality and their political perspectives (Waldram et al., 2006). Cultural safety, a concept that emerged in the 1980’s in New Zealand, is viewed as an environment that is spiritually, socially, emotionally and physically safe for people; where cultural identity is recognized and valued through shared respect, meaning, knowledge and the experience of learning together. This paper will explore current evidence-based literature to determine if there is empirical evidence to support program policies and practices that reflect culturally safe, competent and relevant domestic violence services to address the cultural needs of Indigenous women in Canada. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Institutes of Health (NIH) en_US
dc.subject Literature Review en_US
dc.subject IPV en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Domestic Abuse en_US
dc.subject Native American en_US
dc.subject Indigenous Populations en_US
dc.subject First Nations en_US
dc.subject Tribal en_US
dc.subject Aboriginal en_US
dc.subject Intergenerational Trauma en_US
dc.subject Barriers to Service en_US
dc.subject Partner Abuse en_US
dc.subject Dating Violence en_US
dc.subject Culturally Specific en_US
dc.subject Cultural Humility en_US
dc.subject Cultural Competency en_US
dc.subject Culturally Informed en_US
dc.subject Cultural Safety en_US
dc.subject Historical Trauma en_US
dc.subject Forced Assimilation en_US
dc.subject Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women en_US
dc.subject Institutional Violence en_US
dc.subject Marginalized Populations en_US
dc.subject Strengths-based en_US
dc.subject Colonization en_US
dc.subject Spiritual Practices en_US
dc.subject Home Visitation en_US
dc.subject Family Violence en_US
dc.subject Victim Services en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject Canada en_US
dc.title The Importance of Culture in Addressing Domestic Violence for First Nation's Women en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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