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Efficacy of a Sexual Assault Resistance Program for University Women

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dc.contributor.author Senn, Charlene
dc.contributor.author Eliasziw, Misha
dc.contributor.author Barata, Paula
dc.contributor.author Thurston, Wilfreda
dc.contributor.author Newby-Clark, Ian
dc.contributor.author Radtke, Lorraine
dc.contributor.author Hobden, Karen
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-22T22:07:53Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-22T22:07:53Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Senn, Charlene; Eliasziw, Misha; Barata, Paula; Thurston, Wilfreda; Newby-Clark, Ian; Radtke, Lorraine; Hobden, Karen. (2015). Efficacy of a Sexual Assault Resistance Program for University Women. New England Journal of Medicine: 372 (24), 2326-2335. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1411131
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/723
dc.description.abstract Background: Young women attending university are at substantial risk for being sexually assaulted, primarily by male acquaintances, but effective strategies to reduce this risk remain elusive. Methods: We randomly assigned first-year female students at three universities in Canada to the Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act Sexual Assault Resistance program (resistance group) or to a session providing access to brochures on sexual assault, as was common university practice (control group). The resistance program consists of four 3-hour units in which information is provided and skills are taught and practiced, with the goal of being able to assess risk from acquaintances, overcome emotional barriers in acknowledging danger, and engage in effective verbal and physical self-defense. The primary outcome was completed rape, as measured by the Sexual Experiences Survey–Short Form Victimization, during 1 year of follow-up. Results: A total of 451 women were assigned to the resistance group and 442 women to the control group. Of the women assigned to the resistance group, 91% attended at least three of the four units. The 1-year risk of completed rape was significantly lower in the resistance group than in the control group (5.2% vs. 9.8%; relative risk reduction, 46.3% [95% confidence interval, 6.8 to 69.1]; P=0.02). The 1-year risk of attempted rape was also significantly lower in the resistance group (3.4% vs. 9.3%, P<0.001). Conclusions: A rigorously designed and executed sexual assault resistance program was successful in decreasing the occurrence of rape, attempted rape, and other forms of victimization among first-year university women. (Funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the University of Windsor; SARE ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01338428.) (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher New England Journal of Medicine en_US
dc.subject Evaluation en_US
dc.subject Research Into Practice en_US
dc.subject Sexual Violence en_US
dc.subject Campus Crime en_US
dc.subject Protective Factors en_US
dc.subject Risk Assessment en_US
dc.subject Self Defense en_US
dc.subject Safety Plan en_US
dc.subject Sexual Coercion en_US
dc.subject Health Promotion en_US
dc.subject Self-help Materials en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject Canada en_US
dc.title Efficacy of a Sexual Assault Resistance Program for University Women en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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