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Violence against Women Raises Risk of Cervical Cancer

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dc.contributor.author Coker, Ann
dc.contributor.author Hopenhayn, Claudia
dc.contributor.author DeSimone, Christopher
dc.contributor.author Bush, Heather
dc.contributor.author Crofford, Leslie
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-29T23:08:07Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-29T23:08:07Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Coker, Ann; Hopenhayn, Claudia; DeSimone, Christopher; Bush, Heather; Crofford, Leslie. (2009). Violence against Women Raises Risk of Cervical Cancer. University of Kentucky Center for Research on Violence Against Women, CRVAW Faculty Journal Articles: no. 107, 9 pgs. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1108&context=crvaw_facpub
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/382
dc.description.abstract An emerging literature suggests that violence against women (VAW), particularly sexual violence, may increase the risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and, therefore, may be associated with cervical cancer development. The purpose of this cross-sectional analysis was to determine if women who had experienced violence had higher prevalence rates of invasive cervical cancer. Methods: Women aged 18–88 who joined the Kentucky Women’s Health Registry (2006–2007) and completed a questionnaire were included in the sample. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to adjust odds ratio (OR) for confounders (e.g., age, education, current marital status, lifetime illegal drug use, and pack-years of cigarette smoking). Results: Of 4,732 participants with no missing data on violence, cervical cancer, or demographic factors, 103 (2.1%) reported ever having cervical cancer. Adjusting for demographic factors, smoking, and illegal drug use, experiencing VAW was associated with an increased prevalence of invasive cervical cancer (adjusted OR [aOR] - 2.6, 95% CI - 1.7-3.9). This association remained significant when looking at three specific types of VAW: intimate partner violence (IPV) (aOR - 2.7, 95% CI - 1.8-4.0), adult exposure to forced sex (aOR - 2.6, 95% CI - 1.6-4.3), and child exposure to sexual abuse (aOR - 2.4, 95% CI - 1.4-4.0). Conclusions: Rates of cervical cancer were highest for those experiencing all three types of VAW relative to those never experiencing VAW. Because VAW is common and has gynecological health effects, asking about VAW in healthcare settings and using this information to provide tailored healthcare may improve women’s health outcomes. (CVRL Note: a version of this article was published in Journal of Women’s Health, Volume 18, Issue 8 (2009), pp. 1179-1185.) (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Kentucky Center for Research on Violence Against Women en_US
dc.subject Data Analysis en_US
dc.subject Violent Crime en_US
dc.subject Sexual Assault en_US
dc.subject Rape en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Children Exposed to Violence en_US
dc.subject Medical Consequences en_US
dc.subject Long Term Effects en_US
dc.subject Health Consequences en_US
dc.title Violence against Women Raises Risk of Cervical Cancer en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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