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Drug-facilitated, Incapacitated, and Forcible Rape: A National Study

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dc.contributor.author Kilpatrick, Dean
dc.contributor.author Resnick, Heidi
dc.contributor.author Ruggiero, Kenneth
dc.contributor.author Conoscenti, Lauren
dc.contributor.author McCauley, Jenna
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-29T21:35:13Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-29T21:35:13Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation Kilpatrick, Dean; Resnick, Heidi; Ruggiero, Kenneth; Conoscenti, Lauren; McCauley, Jenna. (2007). Drug-facilitated, Incapacitated, and Forcible Rape: A National Study. Medical University of South Carolina National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, 72 pgs. en_US
dc.identifier.govdoc NCJ 219181
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/219181.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/370
dc.description Report en_US
dc.description.abstract This study identified how many women in the United States and in college settings have ever been raped or sexually assaulted during their lifetime and within the past year, key case characteristics of drug-facilitated and forcible rapes and, factors that affected women's reporting of rape to police or seeking help from a support network; and it compared different types of rape. The findings show that approximately 20 million out of 112 million women (18 percent) in the United States have ever been raped, including an estimated 18 million women who have been forcibly raped, nearly 3 million who have experienced drug-facilitated rape, and 3 million who have been raped while incapacitated. Only 16 percent of all rapes were reported to law enforcement. Victims of drug-facilitated or rape while they were incapacitated were somewhat less likely to report the rape to authorities than victims of forcible rape. Major barriers to reporting rape included not wanting others to know about the rape, fear of retaliation, perception that evidence was insufficient, uncertainty about how to report the crime, and uncertainty about whether a crime was committed or whether the offender intended her harm. Injury was reported for 52 percent of forcible rape incidents and 30 percent of drug-facilitated or incapacitated rape incidents. Approximately 673,000 of nearly 6 million current college women (11.5 percent) have ever been raped, with an estimated half-million college women having been forcibly raped, 160,000 experiencing drug-facilitated rape, and just over 200,000 having been raped while incapacitated. Among college women, approximately 12 percent of rapes were reported to law enforcement. Consistent with the national sample, victims of drug-facilitated or incapacitated rape were less likely than victims of forcible rape to report it to police. Reasons for not reporting the rape were similar to those for nonreporting in the national sample. (CVRL Note: this study was conducted as a telephone survey, with a single interview of each participant; the two study samples “differed considerably with regard to age groups, marital status, and income distributions.”) (NCJRS Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Medical University of South Carolina National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Sexual Violence en_US
dc.subject Incapacitated Sexual Assault en_US
dc.subject Incapacitated Rape en_US
dc.subject Alcohol-related Victimization en_US
dc.subject Drug Facilitated en_US
dc.subject Alcohol Facilitated en_US
dc.subject Intoxication en_US
dc.subject Consent en_US
dc.subject Blame en_US
dc.subject Blaming en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Young Adults en_US
dc.subject Drug-related Victimization en_US
dc.subject Students en_US
dc.subject Crime Reporting en_US
dc.subject Barriers to Reporting en_US
dc.subject Disclosure en_US
dc.subject Substance Abuse en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Consequences en_US
dc.title Drug-facilitated, Incapacitated, and Forcible Rape: A National Study en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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