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Receiving threatening or obscene messages from a partner and mental health, self-harm and suicidality: results from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey

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dc.contributor.author McManus, Sally
dc.contributor.author Bebbington, Paul
dc.contributor.author Tanczer, Leonie
dc.contributor.author Scott, Sara
dc.contributor.author Howard, Louise
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-18T21:11:13Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-18T21:11:13Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation McManus, S., Bebbington, P. E., Tanczer, L., Scott, S., & Howard, L. M. (2021). Receiving threatening or obscene messages from a partner and mental health, self-harm and suicidality: results from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 1–11. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02113-w en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8318057/pdf/127_2021_Article_2113.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/2320
dc.description.abstract Purpose Threatening or obscene messaging is repeated, unwanted texts, emails, letters or cards experienced by the recipient as threatening or obscene, and causing fear, alarm or distress. It is rarely examined as an aspect of intimate partner violence. We describe the prevalence of exposure to threatening/obscene messaging from a current or ex-partner; characteristics of victims; and associations with other forms of violence and abuse, mental disorder, self-harm, and suicidality. Methods Cross-sectional probability-sample survey of the general population in England aged 16 + . Multivariable regression modelling tested associations between receipt of threatening/obscene messaging and current common mental disorder, past-year self-harm and suicidality. Results Threatening/obscene messages were received from a current/ex-partner by 6.6% (95%CI: 5.9–7.3) of adults who had been in a relationship; 1.7% received these in the past year. Victims were more likely to be female, under 35, single or divorced, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and to have experienced other forms of sexual and partner violence and abuse. Those who received threatening/obscene messages in the past year were more likely to experience common mental disorder (adjusted odds ratio 1.89; 1.01–3.55), self-harm (2.31; 1.00–5.33), and suicidal thoughts (2.00; 1.06–3.78). Conclusion Threatening/obscene messaging commonly occurs in the context of intimate partner violence. While often occurring alongside sexual and physical violence, messaging has an additional association with mental disorder and suicidality. Routine enquiry in service settings concerning safety, including those working with people who have escaped domestic violence, should ask about ongoing contact from previous as well as current partners. This should include asking about messaging, as well as other forms of potentially technology-enabled abuse which may become increasingly common. Supplementary Information The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s00127-021-02113-w. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Institutes of Health en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Threatening Behavior en_US
dc.subject Emotional Abuse en_US
dc.subject Cyberbullying en_US
dc.subject Cyber Victimization en_US
dc.subject Online Harassment en_US
dc.subject Technology-facilitated en_US
dc.subject Texts en_US
dc.subject Emails en_US
dc.subject Letters en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Self Harm en_US
dc.subject Suicide Ideation en_US
dc.title Receiving threatening or obscene messages from a partner and mental health, self-harm and suicidality: results from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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