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Rural Disparity in Domestic Violence Prevalence and Access to Resources

Show simple item record Peek-Asa, Corrine Wallis, Anne Harland, Karisa Beyer, Kristen Dickey, Penny Saftlas, Audrey 2017-11-15T15:26:00Z 2017-11-15T15:26:00Z 2011
dc.identifier.citation Peek-Asa, Corinne; Wallis, Anne; Harland, Karisa; Beyer, Kirsten; Dickey, Penny; Saftlas, Audrey. (2011). Rural Disparity in Domestic Violence Prevalence and Access to Resources. Journal of Women’s Health: 20 (11), 1743–1749. en_US
dc.description.abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant health issue in the United States and worldwide. The majority of studies on IPV have been conducted in urban populations. The objectives of this study are to determine if prevalence, frequency, and severity of IPV differ by rurality and to identify variance in geographic access to IPV resources. A cross-sectional clinic-based survey of 1,478 women was conducted to measure the 1-year prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychologic IPV. IPV intervention programs in the state were inventoried and mapped, and the distance to the closest program was estimated for each participant based on an innovative algorithm developed for use when only ZIP code location is available. Women in small rural and isolated areas reported the highest prevalence of IPV (22.5% and 17.9%, respectively) compared to 15.5% for urban women. Rural women reported significantly higher severity of physical abuse than their urban counterparts. The mean distance to the nearest IPV resource was three times greater for rural women than for urban women, and rural IPV programs served more counties and had fewer on-site shelter services. Over 25% of women in small rural and isolated areas lived >40 miles from the closest program, compared with <1% of women living in urban areas. Rural women experience higher rates of IPV and greater frequency and severity of physical abuse yet live much farther away from available resources. This was among the first and the largest studies to examine IPV among the high-risk population of women seeking elective abortion and the first to examine access to services by rurality. More IPV resources and interventions targeting rural women are needed. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Institutes of Health (NIH) en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Disparities en_US
dc.subject Domestic Abuse en_US
dc.subject Spouse Abuse en_US
dc.subject Battering en_US
dc.subject Serial Victimization en_US
dc.subject Victim Services en_US
dc.subject Shelters en_US
dc.subject Residential Services en_US
dc.subject Safe Houses en_US
dc.subject Healthcare en_US
dc.subject Barriers to Service en_US
dc.subject Underserved Populations en_US
dc.subject Research en_US
dc.title Rural Disparity in Domestic Violence Prevalence and Access to Resources en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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