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Big Boys Don’t Cry: A Critical Interpretive Synthesis of Male Sexual Victimization

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dc.contributor.author Depraetere, Joke
dc.contributor.author Vandeviver, Christophe
dc.contributor.author Vander Beken, Tom
dc.contributor.author Keygnaert, Ines
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-27T21:04:51Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-27T21:04:51Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Depraetere, J., Vandeviver, C., Beken, T. V., & Keygnaert, I. (2020). Big Boys Don’t Cry: A Critical Interpretive Synthesis of Male Sexual Victimization. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse: 21(5), 991–1010. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838018816979 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1524838018816979
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/2022
dc.description.abstract Sexual victimization is typically presented as a gender-based problem involving a female victim and a male offender. Science, policy, and society focus on female victims at the expense of male victims. Male sexual victimization is thus understudied compared with female sexual victimization. By performing a critical interpretive synthesis of research papers, policy documents, and gray literature (N = 67) published in four electronic databases from January 2000 through September 2017, this article establishes the prevalence of male sexual victims and the causes that underlie the underrepresentation of this group in existing research and current policy. The prevalence rates of male sexual victims vary considerably, with up to 65% of men reporting sexual victimization. The underrepresentation of male victims was found to be rooted in prevailing gender roles and accepted sexual scripts in society, together with rape myths and stereotypical rape scripts. The former prescribes men as the dominant and sexually active gender. The latter denies male sexual victimization and frames women as “ideal victims.” Combined, these prevailing societal perceptions of men, male sexuality, and sexual victimization prevent men from self-identifying as victims and inhibit them from seeking help to cope with the adverse consequences of sexual victimization. Addressing the gender differences in sexual victimization requires societal and political changes that challenge prevailing stereotypical perceptions of sexual victims. Such changes could result in improved support services for male sexual victims. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher SAGE Open en_US
dc.subject Synthesis en_US
dc.subject Gaps in Research en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Male Victims en_US
dc.subject Men en_US
dc.subject Sexual Violence en_US
dc.subject Sexual Assault en_US
dc.subject Rape en_US
dc.subject Gender Identity en_US
dc.subject Gender Roles en_US
dc.subject Masculinity en_US
dc.subject Underrepresented Groups en_US
dc.subject Ideal Victims en_US
dc.subject Community Perceptions en_US
dc.subject Barriers to Service en_US
dc.subject Help Seeking en_US
dc.subject Coping en_US
dc.subject Stereotypes en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject United States en_US
dc.subject Canada en_US
dc.subject Europe en_US
dc.title Big Boys Don’t Cry: A Critical Interpretive Synthesis of Male Sexual Victimization en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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