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Patterns of Childhood Maltreatment and Intimate Partner Violence, Emotion Dysregulation, and Mental Health Symptoms Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Emerging Adults: A Three-step Latent Class Approach [Author Manuscript]

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dc.contributor.author Charak, Ruby
dc.contributor.author Villarreal, Lillianne
dc.contributor.author Schmitz, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Hirai, Michiyo
dc.contributor.author Ford, Julian
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-20T20:57:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-20T20:57:49Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Charak, R., Villarreal, L., Schmitz, R. M., Hirai, M., & Ford, J. D. (2019). Patterns of childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence, emotion dysregulation, and mental health symptoms among gay, lesbian, and bisexual emerging adults: A 3-step latent class approach [Author Abstract]. Child Abuse and Neglect: 89, 99-110. doi.10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.007 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.utrgv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1008&context=psy_fac
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1987
dc.description.abstract Background: Childhood abuse and neglect (CAN) and intimate partner violence victimization (IPV) is prevalent among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals (LGB). Identification of distinct patterns of childhood and adult victimization, including technology-mediated and face-to-face IPV, and their cumulative relations to mental/behavioral health challenges, among LGB people is needed to facilitate identification of at-risk individuals. Objective: Using latent class analysis, we first sought to identify patterns of lifetime interpersonal victimization, primarily five types of CAN and IPV in LGB emerging adults. Second, we examined if LGB-status and race/ethnicity predicted class membership; third, we assessed differences between the latent classes on emotion dysregulation, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and alcohol use. Participants: Participants were 288 LGB adults between 18-29 years (M = 25.35, SD = 2.76; 41.7% gay/lesbian) recruited via Amazon MTurk. Methods and Results: The 3-step LCA identified five-latent classes: high victimization, childhood emotional abuse and neglect, cybervictimization, adult face-to-face IPV, and lower victimization. People of color (including Hispanics) were more likely to be in the high victimization class, and bisexual individuals, especially bisexual women, in the childhood emotional abuse and neglect class. High victimization and childhood emotional abuse and neglect classes had elevated emotion dysregulation levels and depression and anxiety symptoms, and the high victimization class reported the highest levels of alcohol use. Conclusion: Findings suggest a detrimental effect of cumulative interpersonal victimization on emotion dysregulation and the mental/behavioral health of LGB emerging adults, with bisexuals and LGB-people of color at heightened risk of cumulative victimization and of related mental/behavioral health challenges. [CVRL Note: the final published version is in Child Abuse & Neglect.] (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Child Abuse en_US
dc.subject Child Maltreatment en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Dating Violence en_US
dc.subject Partner Abuse en_US
dc.subject Cybervictimization en_US
dc.subject Online Victimization en_US
dc.subject Gay en_US
dc.subject Lesbian en_US
dc.subject Bisexual en_US
dc.subject LGB en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Emotional Distress en_US
dc.subject People of Color en_US
dc.subject Hispanic en_US
dc.subject Latino en_US
dc.subject Latinx en_US
dc.subject Latin@ en_US
dc.subject Ethnicity en_US
dc.subject Race en_US
dc.subject Emotional Abuse en_US
dc.subject Multitype Victimization en_US
dc.subject Poly-victimization en_US
dc.subject Polyvictimization en_US
dc.title Patterns of Childhood Maltreatment and Intimate Partner Violence, Emotion Dysregulation, and Mental Health Symptoms Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Emerging Adults: A Three-step Latent Class Approach [Author Manuscript] en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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