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Exacerbation of Physical Intimate Partner Violence during COVID-19 Lockdown

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dc.contributor.author Gosangi, Babina
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Richard
dc.contributor.author Gujrathi, Rahul
dc.contributor.author Bay, Camden
dc.contributor.author Raja, Ali
dc.contributor.author Seltzer, Steven
dc.contributor.author Balcom, Marta Chadwick
dc.contributor.author McDonald, Meghan
dc.contributor.author Orgill, Dennis
dc.contributor.author Harris, Mitchel
dc.contributor.author Boland, Giles
dc.contributor.author Rexrode, Kathryn
dc.contributor.author Khurana, Bharti
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-20T14:35:03Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-20T14:35:03Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Gosangi, Babina, Park, Hyesun, et al. (2020). Exacerbation of Physical Intimate Partner Violence during COVID-19 Lockdown. Radiology, 27 pgs. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2020202866 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/pdf/10.1148/radiol.2020202866
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1981
dc.description.abstract Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global social and public health problem but published literature regarding the exacerbation of physical IPV during the COVID-19 pandemic is lacking. Purpose: To assess the incidence, patterns, and severity of injuries in victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, compared with the prior three years.Materials and Methods: The demographics, clinical presentation, injuries, and radiological findings of patients reporting physical abuse arising from IPV during the statewide COVID-19 pandemic between March 11th and May 3rd, 2020 were compared with the same period over the past three years. Pearson’s chi-squared and Fischer’s exact have been used for analysis.Results: 26 physical IPV victims from 2020 (37+/-13 years, 25 women) were evaluated and compared with 42 physical IPV victims (41+/-15 years, 40 women) from 2017-2019. While the overall number of patients reporting IPV decreased during the pandemic, the incidence of physical IPV was 1.8 times greater (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1 to 3.0, p = 0.01). The total number of deep injuries was 28 during 2020 versus 16 from 2017-2019; the number of deep injuries per victim was 1.1 during 2020 compared with 0.4 from 2017-2019 (p<0.001). The incidence of high-risk abuse defined by mechanism was greater by 2 times (95% CI 1.2 to 4.7, p = 0.01). Patients with IPV in during the COVID-19 pandemic were more likely to be ethnically white, 17 (65%) victims in 2020 were ethnically white compared to 11 (26%) in the prior years (p=0.007). (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Radiological Society of North America en_US
dc.subject Data Analysis en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Pandemic en_US
dc.subject Stay-at-home Orders en_US
dc.subject Intentional Injury en_US
dc.subject Injuries en_US
dc.subject Incidence en_US
dc.subject Physical Health en_US
dc.subject Risk Assessment en_US
dc.subject Caucasian en_US
dc.subject White en_US
dc.subject Barriers to Service en_US
dc.title Exacerbation of Physical Intimate Partner Violence during COVID-19 Lockdown en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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