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Using online technologies to improve diversity and inclusion in cognitive interviews with young people

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dc.contributor.author Upadhyay, Ushma
dc.contributor.author Lipkovich, Heather
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-18T21:57:34Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-18T21:57:34Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Upadhyay, U.D., Lipkovich, H. (2020). Using online technologies to improve diversity and inclusion in cognitive interviews with young people. BMC Medical Research Methodology: 20, 159. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-020-01024-9 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186/s12874-020-01024-9.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1971
dc.description.abstract Background We aimed to assess the feasibility of using multiple technologies to recruit and conduct cognitive interviews among young people across the United States to test items measuring sexual and reproductive empowerment. We sought to understand whether these methods could achieve a diverse sample of participants. With more researchers turning to approaches that maintain social distancing in the context of COVID-19, it has become more pressing to refine these remote research methods. Methods We used several online sites to recruit for and conduct cognitive testing of survey items. To recruit potential participants we advertised the study on the free online bulletin board, Craigslist, and the free online social network, Reddit. Interested participants completed an online Qualtrics screening form. To maximize diversity, we purposefully selected individuals to invite for participation. We used the video meeting platform, Zoom, to conduct the cognitive interviews. The interviewer opened a document with the items to be tested, shared the screen with the participant, and gave them control of the mouse and keyboard. After the participant self-administered the survey, the interviewer asked about interpretation and comprehension. After completion of the interviews we sent participants a follow-up survey about their impressions of the research methods and technologies used. We describe the processes, the advantages and disadvantages, and offer recommendations for researchers. Results We recruited and interviewed 30 young people from a range of regions, gender identities, sexual orientations, ages, education, and experiences with sexual activity. These methods allowed us to recruit a purposefully selected diverse sample in terms of race/ethnicity and region. It also may have offered potential participants a feeling of safety and anonymity leading to greater participation from gay, lesbian, and transgender people who would not have agreed to participate in-person. Conducting the interviews using video chat may also have facilitated the inclusion of individuals who would not volunteer for in-person meetings. Disadvantages of video interviewing included participant challenges to finding a private space for the interview and problems with electronic devices. Conclusions Online technologies can be used to achieve a diverse sample of research participants, contributing to research findings that better respond to young people’s unique identities and situations. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Springer Open en_US
dc.subject Feasibility Study en_US
dc.subject Cognitive Interviews en_US
dc.subject Empowerment en_US
dc.subject Reproductive Health en_US
dc.subject Sexual Health en_US
dc.subject Cultural Diversity en_US
dc.subject Online Research en_US
dc.subject Research Methods en_US
dc.subject Sample Size en_US
dc.subject Research Ethics en_US
dc.subject Technology-facilitated en_US
dc.subject Instrument Development en_US
dc.subject Youth en_US
dc.subject Young People en_US
dc.subject Young Adults en_US
dc.subject Gender Identity en_US
dc.subject Sexual Orientation en_US
dc.subject Location en_US
dc.subject Age en_US
dc.subject Education en_US
dc.subject Race en_US
dc.subject Ethnicity en_US
dc.subject Videoconferencing en_US
dc.subject Privacy en_US
dc.title Using online technologies to improve diversity and inclusion in cognitive interviews with young people en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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