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Self-reported Violence-related Outcomes for Adolescents Within Eight Weeks Of Emergency Department Treatment For Assault Injury

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dc.contributor.author Wiebe, Douglas
dc.contributor.author Blackstone, Mercedes
dc.contributor.author Mollen, Cynthia
dc.contributor.author Culyba, Alison
dc.contributor.author Fein, Joel
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-11T21:19:50Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-11T21:19:50Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Wiebe, D. J., Blackstone, M. M., Mollen, C. J., Culyba, A. J., & Fein, J. A. (2011). Self-reported violence-related outcomes for adolescents within eight weeks of emergency department treatment for assault injury. The Journal of Adolescent Health: 49(4), 440–442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.01.009 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3074589/pdf/nihms268688.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1939
dc.description.abstract Purpose To estimate, using a novel interactive voice response (IVR) survey, the incidence of self-reported violence-related experiences of adolescent assault-injured patients in the weeks following Emergency Department (ED) discharge. Methods In an urban ED, a prospective cohort study with eight week follow-up IVR survey either weekly, bi-weekly or monthly after discharge was conducted with patients aged 12-19 years presenting with assault-related injuries. Survival analysis methods were used to estimate cumulative risks of self-reported violence experience within four and eight weeks. Results Ninety-five patients were enrolled; 42 (44.2%) reported to the IVR survey. As a result of the ED index event, an estimated 18.2% (CI=9.1-34.6%) reported being assaulted (no weapon), 2.9% (CI=0.4-19.1%) had been shot or stabbed, 20.7% (CI=10.9-37.3%) had assaulted someone else (no weapon), and 2.9% (CI=0.4-19.1%) shot or stabbed someone else. Additionally, 54.6% (CI=39.6-70.9%) had avoided going certain places, 47.0% (CI=32.5-64.1%) considered retaliating, 38.1% (CI=24.3-56.3%) had been threatened, and 27.0% (CI=15.4-44.6%) had carried a weapon. Most outcome occurrences happened within four weeks. There was evidence that intent to retaliate when asked at baseline was associated with an elevated risk of several outcomes. Conclusions The risk for subsequent violence among assault-injured adolescent ED patients appears high within weeks of discharge. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Adolescent Health en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Emergency Departments en_US
dc.subject Physical Assault en_US
dc.subject Violent Victimization en_US
dc.subject Trauma en_US
dc.subject Intentional Injury en_US
dc.subject Injuries en_US
dc.subject Adolescents en_US
dc.subject Teens en_US
dc.subject At Risk en_US
dc.subject Violence Reduction en_US
dc.subject Violence Interruption en_US
dc.subject Future Victimization en_US
dc.subject Prevention en_US
dc.subject Retaliation en_US
dc.subject Threatening Behavior en_US
dc.subject Victim-Offender Overlap en_US
dc.subject Offender Victims en_US
dc.subject Relationship Between Victimization and Offending en_US
dc.subject Weapons en_US
dc.subject Aggravated Assault en_US
dc.subject Recidivism en_US
dc.subject Revictimization en_US
dc.title Self-reported Violence-related Outcomes for Adolescents Within Eight Weeks Of Emergency Department Treatment For Assault Injury en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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