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Individual, Institutional, and Community Sources of School Violence: A Meta-Analysis

Show simple item record Turanovic, Jillian Pratt, Travis Kulig, Teresa Cullen, Francis 2020-06-23T20:27:17Z 2020-06-23T20:27:17Z 2020
dc.identifier.citation Turanovic, Jillian; Pratt, Travis; Kulig, Teres; Cullen, Francis. (2020). Individual, Institutional, and Community Sources of School Violence: A Meta-Analysis. Florida State University, University of Cincinatti Corrections Institute, University of Nebraska at Omaha, 63 pgs. en_US
dc.description Report en_US
dc.description.abstract The current study subjected the body of empirical literature on school violence to a meta-analysis, or “quantitative synthesis,”to determine the key individual-, school-, and community-level factors that influence violence and related problems (victimization, offending, and aggressive behavior)within primary and secondary (K-12) schools.Our analyses are based on a total of 8,551effect sizes drawn from 693studies of school violence—a sample that represents the largest meta-analysis conducted in the field of criminal justice and is among the largest compiled in the social sciences generally.We assessed a total of 31 different predictors of school violence at the individual, institutional, and community levels. Separate analyses were conducted to assess the major predictors of (1) any victimization at school, (2) bullying victimization, (3) violent victimization, (4) any aggressive/delinquent behavior at school, (5) bullying perpetration, (6) violent offending, and (7) bringing a weapon to school. Our findings indicate that the strongest and most consistent risk factors for various forms of aggression/ delinquency at school at school were antisocial behaviors, deviant peers, victimization, peer rejection, and antisocial attitudes. For victimization at school, the strongest predictors were prior victimization, low social competence, peer rejection, violent school context, and negative school climate. LGBT students and those with disabilities were also found to have high risks of being victimized at school. Target hardening practices, such as installing security cameras and metal detectors, or having a school resource officer or school security guard present,were among the weakest mean effect size estimates and had virtually no association with any form of violence or victimization at school. (Author Text) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Criminal Justice Reference Services (NCJRS) en_US
dc.subject Meta-analysis en_US
dc.subject School Safety en_US
dc.subject School Violence en_US
dc.subject School Crime en_US
dc.subject Peer-on-peer Abuse en_US
dc.subject Bullying en_US
dc.subject Harassment en_US
dc.subject Physical Assault en_US
dc.subject Fighting en_US
dc.subject Victimization en_US
dc.subject Students en_US
dc.subject Violent Victimization en_US
dc.subject Weapons en_US
dc.subject Victim-Offender Overlap en_US
dc.subject Offender Victims en_US
dc.subject Relationship Between Victimization and Offending en_US
dc.title Individual, Institutional, and Community Sources of School Violence: A Meta-Analysis en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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