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Increased death rates of domestic violence victims from arresting vs. warning suspects in the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment (MilDVE)

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dc.contributor.author Sherman, Lawrence
dc.contributor.author Harris, Heather
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-09T21:47:23Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-09T21:47:23Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Sherman, L.W., Harris, H.M. (2015). Increased death rates of domestic violence victims from arresting vs. warning suspects in the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment (MilDVE). Journal of Experimental Criminology: 11, 20 pgs. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11292-014-9203-x en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11292-014-9203-x.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1826
dc.description.abstract Objectives We explored death rates from all causes among victims of misdemeanor domestic violence 23 years after random assignment of their abusers to arrests vs. warnings. Methods We gathered state and national death data on all 1,125 victims (89 % female; 70 % African-American; mean age = 30) enrolled by Milwaukee Police in 1987–88, after 98 % treatment as randomly assigned. Results Victims were 64 % more likely to have died of all causes if their partners were arrested and jailed than if warned and allowed to remain at home (p = .037, 95 % CI = risk ratio of 1:1.024 to 1:2.628). Among the 791 African-American victims, arrest increased mortality by 98 % (p = .019); among 334 white victims, arrest increased mortality by only 9 % (95 % CI = RR of 1:0.489 to 1:2.428). The highest victim death rate across four significant differences found in all 22 moderator tests was within the group of 192 African-American victims who held jobs: 11% died after partner arrests, but none after warnings (d = .8, p = .003). Murder of the victims caused only three of all 91 deaths; heart disease and other internal morbidity caused most victim deaths. Conclusions Partner arrests for domestic common assault apparently increased premature death for their victims, especially African-Americans. Victims who held jobs at the time of police response suffered the highest death rates, but only if they were African-American. Replications and detailed risk factor studies are needed to confirm these conclusions, which may support repeal or judicial invalidation of state-level mandatory arrest laws. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Springer Open en_US
dc.subject Data Analysis en_US
dc.subject Mortality en_US
dc.subject Violent Death en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Homicide en_US
dc.subject Murder en_US
dc.subject Arrests en_US
dc.subject Police Response en_US
dc.subject Police-involved en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Victim Safety en_US
dc.subject Victim Outcomes en_US
dc.subject Health Conditions en_US
dc.subject Health Consequences en_US
dc.subject Physical Health en_US
dc.title Increased death rates of domestic violence victims from arresting vs. warning suspects in the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment (MilDVE) en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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