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Association of Exposure to Police Violence With Prevalence of Mental Health Symptoms Among Urban Residents in the United States

Show simple item record DeVylder, Jordan Jun, Hyun-Jin Fedina, Lisa Coleman, Daniel Anglin, Deidre Cogburn, Courtney Link, Bruce Barth, Richard 2020-06-02T18:27:19Z 2020-06-02T18:27:19Z 2018
dc.identifier.citation DeVylder, J. E., Jun, H. J., Fedina, L., Coleman, D., Anglin, D., Cogburn, C., Link, B., & Barth, R. P. (2018). Association of Exposure to Police Violence With Prevalence of Mental Health Symptoms Among Urban Residents in the United States. JAMA network open, 1(7), e184945. en_US
dc.description.abstract Importance Police violence is reportedly widespread in the United States and may pose a significant risk to public mental health. Objective To examine the association between 12-month exposure to police violence and concurrent mental health symptoms independent of trauma history, crime involvement, and other forms of interpersonal violence exposure. Design, Setting, and Participants This cross-sectional, general population survey study of 1221 eligible adults was conducted in Baltimore, Maryland, and New York City, New York, from October through December 2017. Participants were identified through Qualtrics panels, an internet-based survey administration service using quota sampling. Exposures Past 12-month exposure to police violence, assessed using the Police Practices Inventory. Subtypes of violence exposure were coded according to the World Health Organization domains of violence (ie, physical, sexual, psychological, and neglectful). Main Outcomes and Measures Current Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress (K6) score, past 12-month psychotic experiences (World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview), and past 12-month suicidal ideation and attempts. Results Of 1221 eligible participants, there were 1000 respondents (81.9% participation rate). The sample matched the adult population of included cities on race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic white, 339 [33.9%]; non-Hispanic black/African American, 390 [39.0%]; Hispanic/Latino, 178 [17.8%]; other, 93 [9.3%]), age (mean [SD], 39.8 [15.2] years), and gender (women, 600 [60.0%]; men, 394 [39.4%]; transgender, 6 [0.6%]) within 10% above or beyond 2010 census distributions. Twelve-month prevalence of police violence was 3.2% for sexual violence, 7.5% for physical violence without a weapon, 4.6% for physical violence with a weapon, 13.2% for psychological violence, and 14.9% for neglect. Police violence exposures were higher among men, people of color, and those identified as homosexual or transgender. Respondents reported suicidal ideation (9.1%), suicide attempts (3.1%), and psychotic experiences (20.6%). The mean (SD) K6 score was 5.8 (6.1). All mental health outcomes were associated with police violence exposure in adjusted logistic regression analyses. Physical violence with a weapon and sexual violence were associated with greater odds of psychotic experiences (odds ratio [95% CI]: 4.34 [2.05-9.18] for physical violence with a weapon; 6.61 [2.52-17.36] for sexual violence), suicide attempts (odds ratio [95% CI]: 7.30 [2.94-18.14] for physical violence with a weapon; 6.63 [2.64-16.64] for sexual violence), and suicidal ideation (odds ratio [95% CI]: 2.72 [1.30-5.68] for physical violence with a weapon; 3.76 [1.72-8.20] for sexual violence). Conclusions and Relevance Police violence was commonly reported, especially among racial/ethnic and sexual minorities. Associations between violence and mental health outcomes did not appear to be explained by confounding factors and appeared to be especially pronounced for assaultive forms of violence. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher JAMA Network Open en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Police Brutality en_US
dc.subject Police Force en_US
dc.subject Police Violence en_US
dc.subject Police-involved en_US
dc.subject Urban en_US
dc.subject Exposure to Violence en_US
dc.subject Witness to Violence en_US
dc.subject Demographics en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Disparities en_US
dc.subject Trauma en_US
dc.subject Criminal History en_US
dc.subject Interpersonal Violence en_US
dc.subject Suicide Ideation en_US
dc.subject Minorities en_US
dc.subject Race en_US
dc.subject Ethnicity en_US
dc.subject Sexual Orientation en_US
dc.title Association of Exposure to Police Violence With Prevalence of Mental Health Symptoms Among Urban Residents in the United States en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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