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What Do We Know About the Association Between Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Injuries?

Show simple item record Santaella-Tenorio, Julian Cerdá, Magdalena Villaveces, Andrés Galea, Sandro 2020-04-15T21:15:18Z 2020-04-15T21:15:18Z 2016
dc.identifier.citation Santaella-Tenorio, Julian; Cerdá, Magdalena; Villaveces, Andrés; & Galea, Sandro. (2016). What Do We Know About the Association Between Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Injuries? Epidemiologic Review, 38(1), 140–157. en_US
dc.description.abstract Firearms account for a substantial proportion of external causes of death, injury, and disability across the world. Legislation to regulate firearms has often been passed with the intent of reducing problems related to their use. However, lack of clarity around which interventions are effective remains a major challenge for policy development. Aiming to meet this challenge, we systematically reviewed studies exploring the associations between firearm-related laws and firearm homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries/deaths. We restricted our search to studies published from 1950 to 2014. Evidence from 130 studies in 10 countries suggests that in certain nations the simultaneous implementation of laws targeting multiple firearms restrictions is associated with reductions in firearm deaths. Laws restricting the purchase of (e.g., background checks) and access to (e.g., safer storage) firearms are also associated with lower rates of intimate partner homicides and firearm unintentional deaths in children, respectively. Limitations of studies include challenges inherent to their ecological design, their execution, and the lack of robustness of findings to model specifications. High quality research on the association between the implementation or repeal of firearm legislation (rather than the evaluation of existing laws) and firearm injuries would lead to a better understanding of what interventions are likely to work given local contexts. This information is key to move this field forward and for the development of effective policies that may counteract the burden that firearm injuries pose on populations. [CVRL Note: This article received numerous corrections, published in Epidemiologic Review 2017 January; 39(1): 171, available] (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Epidemiologic Review en_US
dc.subject Data Analysis en_US
dc.subject Policy Analysis en_US
dc.subject Legislation Analysis en_US
dc.subject Gun Violence en_US
dc.subject Firearm Violence en_US
dc.subject Shooting en_US
dc.subject Weapons en_US
dc.subject Violent Crime en_US
dc.subject Murder en_US
dc.subject Homicide en_US
dc.subject Suicide en_US
dc.subject Non-fatal Shooting en_US
dc.subject Injury en_US
dc.subject Gun Deaths en_US
dc.subject Prevention en_US
dc.subject Intervention en_US
dc.subject Domestic Abuse en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Offenders en_US
dc.subject Meta-analysis en_US
dc.subject Systematic Review en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject United States en_US
dc.subject Gun Control en_US
dc.title What Do We Know About the Association Between Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Injuries? en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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