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Racial/Ethnic Differences in Trauma Exposure and Mental Health Disorders in Adolescents

Show simple item record Lopez, Cristina Andrews III, Arthur Chisolm, Andrea Arellano, Michael Saunders, Benjamin Kilpatrick, Dean 2020-04-14T21:33:21Z 2020-04-14T21:33:21Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation López, C. M., Andrews, A. R., Chisolm, A. M., de Arellano, M. A., Saunders, B., & Kilpatrick, D. G. (2017). Racial/ethnic differences in trauma exposure and mental health disorders in adolescents. Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology, 23(3), 382–387. en_US
dc.description.abstract Objectives: Research has cited increased prevalence of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and exposure to interpersonal violence for Hispanics and non-Hispanic Black adolescents, as well as ethnic differences in externalizing behavior (e.g., substance use, delinquency). The current study combined these areas by examining racial/ethnic differences in mental health correlates of trauma exposure. Methods: Interviews were conducted to assess polyvictimization, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), substance use, and delinquency in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N=3,614; 15.4 % non-Hispanic Black; 11.3% Hispanic; 64.9% non-Hispanic White). Results: Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black adolescents endorsed greater polyvictimization than non-Hispanic Whites; however, differences in MDD and PTSD were only significant when assessed with symptom counts. Non-Hispanic Black adolescents reported the least drug use. Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic adolescents endorsed more delinquency than non-Hispanic White adolescents. Polyvictimization only accounted for ethnic disparities in delinquency. Conclusions: Trauma-related disparities may differ across internalizing and externalizing concerns. Subsequent research should continue to examine other factors that may contribute to racial/ethnic differences in trauma-sequelae. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Institutes of Health (NIH) en_US
dc.subject Interview Results en_US
dc.subject Polyvictims en_US
dc.subject Polyvictimization en_US
dc.subject Poly-victimization en_US
dc.subject Multitype Victimization en_US
dc.subject Exposure to Violence en_US
dc.subject Witness to Violence en_US
dc.subject Teens en_US
dc.subject Youth en_US
dc.subject Hispanic en_US
dc.subject Latino en_US
dc.subject Latin@ en_US
dc.subject Black en_US
dc.subject African American en_US
dc.subject Ethnicity en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Trauma en_US
dc.subject PTSD en_US
dc.subject Posttraumatic Stress en_US
dc.subject Post-traumatic Stress en_US
dc.subject Depression en_US
dc.subject Race en_US
dc.title Racial/Ethnic Differences in Trauma Exposure and Mental Health Disorders in Adolescents en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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