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Firearm and Nonfirearm Violence After Operation Peacemaker Fellowship in Richmond, California, 1996–2016

Show simple item record Matthay, Ellicott C. Farkas, Kristza Rudolph, Kara E. Zimmerman, Scott Barragan, Melissa Goin, Dana E. Ahern, Jennifer 2020-04-13T14:36:32Z 2020-04-13T14:36:32Z 2019-10-02
dc.identifier.citation Matthay, Ellicott C.; Farkas, Kristza; Rudolph; Kara E.; Zimmerman, Scott; Barragan, Melissa; Goin, Dana E.; & Ahern, Jennifer. (2019). Firearm and Nonfirearm Violence After Operation Peacemaker Fellowship in Richmond, California, 1996–2016. American Journal of Public Health: 109(11), 1605–1611. en_US
dc.description.abstract Objectives: To evaluate whether the Operation Peacemaker Fellowship, an innovative firearm violence-prevention program implemented in Richmond, California, was associated with reductions in firearm and nonfirearm violence. Methods: We compiled city- and jurisdiction-level quarterly counts of violent firearm and nonfirearm incidents from statewide records of deaths from and hospital visits for homicide and assault (2005–2016) and from nationwide crime records of homicides and aggravated assaults (1996–2015). We applied a generalization of the synthetic control method to compare observed patterns in firearm and nonfirearm violence after implementation of the program (June 2010) to those predicted in the absence of the program, using a weighted combination of comparison cities or jurisdictions. Results: The program was associated with reductions in firearm violence (annually, 55% fewer deaths and hospital visits, 43% fewer crimes) but also unexpected increases in nonfirearm violence (annually, 16% more deaths and hospital visits, 3% more crimes). These associations were unlikely to be attributable to chance for all outcomes except nonfirearm homicides and assaults in crime data. Conclusions: The Operation Peacemaker Fellowship may have been effective in reducing firearm violence in Richmond but may have increased nonfirearm violence. [CVRL Note: While looking more broadly at the effectiveness of Operation Peacemaker rather that at victims or victimization, this study did find that "most nonfirearm violent victimization occurred among Black and Hispanic men aged 15 to 29 years residing in the neighborhoods with the most gang violence."] (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Journal of Public Health en_US
dc.subject Evaluation en_US
dc.subject Program Evaluation en_US
dc.subject Urban en_US
dc.subject Victim en_US
dc.subject People Harmed by Violence en_US
dc.subject People Who Use Violence en_US
dc.subject Coordinated Community Response en_US
dc.subject Violence Interruption en_US
dc.subject Violent Crime en_US
dc.subject Homicide en_US
dc.subject Murder en_US
dc.subject Gun Violence en_US
dc.subject Firearm Violence en_US
dc.subject Gun Deaths en_US
dc.subject Weapons en_US
dc.subject Shooting en_US
dc.subject Non-fatal Shooting en_US
dc.subject Street Violence en_US
dc.subject Community Violence en_US
dc.subject Urban High Crime Neighborhoods en_US
dc.subject Violence Reduction en_US
dc.title Firearm and Nonfirearm Violence After Operation Peacemaker Fellowship in Richmond, California, 1996–2016 en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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