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Post-traumatic cognitions and quality of lifein terrorism victims: the role of well-beingin indirect versus direct exposure

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dc.contributor.author Bajo, Miriam
dc.contributor.author Blanco, Amalio
dc.contributor.author Stravraki, Maria
dc.contributor.author Gandarillas, Beatriz
dc.contributor.author Cancela, Ana
dc.contributor.author Requero, Blanca
dc.contributor.author Diaz, Dario
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-10T21:19:03Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-10T21:19:03Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Bajo, Miriam; Blanco, Amalio; Stravraki, Maria; Gandarillas, Beatriz; Cancela, Ana; Requero, Blanca; Diaz, Dario. (2018). Post-traumatic cognitions and quality of lifein terrorism victims: the role of well-beingin indirect versus direct exposure. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes: 16, 96, 9 pgs. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186/s12955-018-0923-x.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1745
dc.description.abstract Background:The effect of indirect (versus direct) exposure to a traumatic event on the quality of life of terrorist attack victims has received considerable attention in the literature. However, more research is required to examine whether the symptoms and underlying processes caused by both types of exposure are equivalent. Our main hypothesis is that well-being plays a different role depending on indirect vs. direct trauma exposure. Methods:In this cross-sectional study, eighty direct victims of 11-M terrorist attacks (people who were traveling in trains where bombs were placed) and two-hundred indirect victims (individuals highly exposed to the 11-M terrorist attacks through communications media) voluntarily participated without compensation. To test our hypothesis regarding the mediating role of indirect exposure, we conducted a biased corrected bootstrapping procedure. To test our hypothesis regarding the moderating role of direct exposure, data were subjected to a hierarchical regression analysis. Results: As predicted, for indirect trauma exposure, well-being mediated the relationship between post-traumatic dysfunctional cognitions and trauma symptoms. However, for direct trauma exposure, well-being moderated the relationship between post-traumatic dysfunctional cognitions and trauma symptoms. Conclusions:The results of our study indicate that the different role of well-being found between indirect (causal factor) and direct exposure (protective factor) should be taken into consideration in interventions designed to improve victims’ health. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Springer Open en_US
dc.subject Data Analysis en_US
dc.subject Research en_US
dc.subject Terrorism en_US
dc.subject Mass Violence en_US
dc.subject Mass Killings en_US
dc.subject Mass Murder en_US
dc.subject Mass Casualties en_US
dc.subject Trauma en_US
dc.subject Victims en_US
dc.subject Survivors en_US
dc.subject Exposure to Violence en_US
dc.subject Witness to Violence en_US
dc.subject Well-being en_US
dc.subject Psychological Consequences en_US
dc.subject Posttraumatic Stress en_US
dc.subject Post-traumatic Stress en_US
dc.subject Network Trauma en_US
dc.subject Protective Factors en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Media Coverage en_US
dc.subject Media Attention en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject Spain en_US
dc.title Post-traumatic cognitions and quality of lifein terrorism victims: the role of well-beingin indirect versus direct exposure en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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