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Online social support as a buffer against online and offline peer and sexual victimization among U.S. LGBT and non-LGBT youth [Author Manuscript]

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dc.contributor.author Ybarra, Michele
dc.contributor.author Mitchell, Kimberly
dc.contributor.author Palmer, Neal
dc.contributor.author Reisner, Sari
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-07T20:45:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-07T20:45:01Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Ybarra, M. L., Mitchell, K. J., Palmer, N. A., & Reisner, S. L. (2015). Online social support as a buffer against online and offline peer and sexual victimization among U.S. LGBT and non-LGBT youth [Author Manuscript]. Child abuse & neglect, 39, 123–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.08.006 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6483382/pdf/nihms-628268.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1738
dc.description.abstract In today’s technology-infused world, we need to better understand relationships youth form with friends online, how they compare to relationships formed in-person, and whether these online relationships confer protective benefits. This is particularly important from the perspective of peer victimization, given that social support in-person appears to reduce the odds of victimization in-person. To address this literature gap, data from a sample of 5,542 U.S. adolescents, collected online between August 2010 and January 2011 were analyzed. The main variables of interest were: online and in-person peer victimization (including generalized and bullying forms) and online and in-person sexual victimization (including generalized and sexual harassment forms). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth were more likely than non-LGBT youth to have online friends and to appraise these friends as better than their in-person friends at providing emotional support. Peer victimization and unwanted sexual experiences were more commonly reported by LGBT than non-LGBT youth. Perceived quality of social support, either online or in-person, did little to attenuate the relative odds of victimization for LGBT youth. For all youth, in-person social support was associated with reduced odds of bully victimization (online and in-person) and sexual harassment (in-person), but was unrelated to the other outcomes of interest. Online social support did not reduce the odds of any type of victimization assessed. Together, these findings suggest that online friends can be an important source of social support, particularly for LGBT youth. Nonetheless, in-person social support appears to be more protective against victimization, suggesting that one is not a replacement for the other. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Institutes of Health (NIH) en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Online Victimization en_US
dc.subject Cyberbullying en_US
dc.subject Cybervictimization en_US
dc.subject Technology-facilitated en_US
dc.subject Peer-on-peer Abuse en_US
dc.subject Child-on-child Abuse en_US
dc.subject Digital Victimization en_US
dc.subject Sexual Harassment en_US
dc.subject Social Support en_US
dc.subject Informal Support en_US
dc.subject Friends en_US
dc.subject LGBTQ en_US
dc.subject Gender Identity en_US
dc.subject Sexual Orientation en_US
dc.subject Homosexual en_US
dc.subject Same Sex en_US
dc.subject Adolescents en_US
dc.subject Sexual Violence en_US
dc.subject Teens en_US
dc.subject Children en_US
dc.subject Youth Violence en_US
dc.title Online social support as a buffer against online and offline peer and sexual victimization among U.S. LGBT and non-LGBT youth [Author Manuscript] en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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