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The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.author Anglemyer, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Horvath, Tara
dc.contributor.author Rutherford, George
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-02T19:33:06Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-02T19:33:06Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Anglemyer, Andrew; Horvath, Tara; & Rutherford, George. (2014). The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine, 160(2):101-113. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/1814426/accessibility-firearms-risk-suicide-homicide-victimization-among-household-members-systematic
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1735
dc.description.abstract [This study finds that] access to firearms is associated with risk for completed suicide and being the victim of homicide…Firearms cause an estimated 31,000 deaths annually in the United States. Data from the 16-state National Violent Death Reporting System indicate that 51.8% of deaths from suicide in 2009 (n = 9949) were firearm-related; among homicide victims (n = 4057), 66.5% were firearm-related. Most suicides (76.4%) occurred in the victims’ homes. Homicides also frequently occurred in the home, with 45.5% of male victims and 74.0% of female victims killed at home. Firearm ownership is more prevalent in the United States than in any other country; approximately 35% to 39% of households have firearms, and 22% of persons report owning firearms. The annual rate of suicide by firearms (6.3 suicides per 100,000 residents) is higher in the United States than in any other country with reported data, and the annual rate of firearm-related homicide in the United States (7.1 homicides per 100,000 residents) is the highest among high-income countries. Results from ecological studies suggest that state restrictions on firearm ownership are associated with decreases in firearm-related suicides and homicides. Specific characteristics about storage and types of firearms seem to increase suicide risk. Firearms that are stored loaded or unlocked are more likely to be used than those that are unloaded or locked, and adolescent suicide victims often use an unlocked firearm in the home. The apparent increased risk for suicide associated with firearms in the home is not unique to persons with a history of mental illness and may be more of an indicator of the ease of impulsive suicide. Impulsiveness may be a catalyst in using a firearm to commit suicide and may also play a role in firearm-related homicide. Researchers have estimated higher odds of homicide victimization among women than men. Because most homicide victims know their perpetrators, this finding may indicate an impulsive reaction to domestic disputes. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Annals of Internal Medicine en_US
dc.subject Meta-analysis en_US
dc.subject Systematic Review en_US
dc.subject Victims of Gun Violence en_US
dc.subject Demographics en_US
dc.subject Mental Health en_US
dc.subject Mental Illness en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Predictive Factors en_US
dc.subject Violent Death en_US
dc.subject Suicide en_US
dc.subject Murder-Suicide en_US
dc.subject Murder en_US
dc.subject Homicide en_US
dc.subject Manslaughter en_US
dc.subject Gun Violence en_US
dc.subject Firearm Violence en_US
dc.subject Shooting en_US
dc.subject Weapons en_US
dc.subject Gun Deaths en_US
dc.subject Violence Against Women en_US
dc.subject Domestic Violence en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject United States en_US
dc.title The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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