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Bullying at School and on the Street: Risk Factors and Outcomes Among Homeless Youth [Author Manuscript]

Show simple item record Tyler, Kimberly Schmitz, Rachel 2019-07-03T21:12:57Z 2019-07-03T21:12:57Z 2018
dc.identifier.citation Tyler, Kimberly; Schmitz, Rachel. (2018). Bullying at School and on the Street: Risk Factors and Outcomes Among Homeless Youth [Author Manuscript]. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22 pgs. en_US
dc.description Journal Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Though rates of bullying among general population youth are high, there is elevated prevalence among certain subgroups, in particular sexual minority homeless youth. Enduring bullying can have devastating consequences, including poor mental health, revictimization, and substance abuse. The current study compares risk factors (i.e., sexual orientation, gender, and child abuse) for being bullied both at school and on the street among homeless youth. We also examine the associations of both contexts of bullying (i.e., at school and on the street) with physical and sexual victimization while on the street, with illicit drug use. From July 2014 to October 2015, we interviewed 150 homeless youth aged 16 to 22 years in shelters and on the streets from two Midwestern cities. Our sample was 51% female and 22% identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB). Results revealed that LGB youth experienced more frequent bullying at school and were more likely to have ever used one or more illicit drugs at least a few times compared with heterosexual youth. Moreover, youth who experienced more child abuse prior to leaving home were also victimized more often at school (school bullying) and on the street (street bullying). Young people who experienced more sexual and physical street victimization were more likely to report illicit drug use compared with those who had fewer street victimization experiences. Overall, youth who experience victimization in one context (i.e., home) are at heightened risk for being bullied in additional contexts (i.e., school). These findings have important policy and service intervention implications, such that service providers should attend to homeless youth’s multiple social contexts of victimization and the potential for youth’s illicit drug use as a coping mechanism. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Interpersonal Violence en_US
dc.subject Interview Results en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Children en_US
dc.subject Teens en_US
dc.subject Sexual Orientation en_US
dc.subject Lesbian en_US
dc.subject Gay en_US
dc.subject Bisexual en_US
dc.subject Homeless en_US
dc.subject Transient en_US
dc.subject Shelters en_US
dc.subject Transitional Housing en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Abuse en_US
dc.subject Harassment en_US
dc.subject Bullying en_US
dc.subject Child Abuse en_US
dc.subject Substance Abuse en_US
dc.subject Drug Abuse en_US
dc.subject Consequences en_US
dc.subject Victimization en_US
dc.subject Revictimization en_US
dc.subject Marginalized Populations en_US
dc.subject Coping en_US
dc.subject LGB en_US
dc.subject Polyvictimization en_US
dc.subject Poly-victimization en_US
dc.subject Multitype Victimization en_US
dc.subject Experiencing Housing Instability en_US
dc.subject Adolescents en_US
dc.title Bullying at School and on the Street: Risk Factors and Outcomes Among Homeless Youth [Author Manuscript] en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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