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Adaptación del instrumento WAST para la detección de violencia doméstica en Centros de Salud

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dc.contributor.author Binfa, Lorena
dc.contributor.author Cancino, Valentina
dc.contributor.author Ugarte, Isaac
dc.contributor.author Mella, Maribel
dc.contributor.author Cavada, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-22T14:04:45Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-22T14:04:45Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Binfa, Lorena; Cancino, Valentina; Ugarte, Isaac; Mella, Maribel; Cavada, Gabriel. (2018). Adaptación del instrumento WAST para la detección de violencia doméstica en Centros de Salud. Revista médica de Chile: 146(3), 331-340. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://scielo.conicyt.cl/pdf/rmc/v146n3/0034-9887-rmc-146-03-0331.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1187
dc.description.abstract Background: The Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) is a screening tool for domestic violence used in Unites States. Aim: To carry out the cultural adaptation of the WAST instrument for early detection of domestic violence in primary health care. Material and Methods: Qualitative techniques for cultural adaptation were used in stages 1 and 2 and quantitative techniques were used in stage 3. The validity of content was assessed using judge tests carried out with experts in the field. Linguistic adaptation was carried out using a focal group technique to ensure semantic and language comprehension. Finally, the culturally adapted instrument was applied to 16 women who were victims of violence and to 28 women without a history of violence. Results: For cultural adaptation, the judges’ test added the item of economic violence to the instrument. According to the focus groups, some words were changed to facilitate understanding by the subjects. According to the scores obtained in women with and without a history of violence, a cut-off point of 15 points was defined to determine a history of do-mestic violence with a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 96%. The Cronbach Alpha of the questionnaire was 91%. Conclusions: WAST is an effective and easily applied instrument for the early detection of domestic violence....La finalidad de este estudio fue realizar la adaptación cultural y validación en población chilena del instrumento WAST (Woman Abuse Screening Tool), originario de Estados Unidos de Norteamérica y validado al español, el cual fue elegido por ser uno de los mejor evaluados por la guía inglesa para la detección de VD, recomendando su uso en contextos no específicos de maltrato, como APS. Es corto, de fácil comprensión y ha demostrado tener buena consistencia interna en otros estudios que lo han utilizado, validado para población de habla hispana y de autoaplicación, modalidad que prefieren las usuarias. [CVRL Note: the abstract is in English; full text of the article is in Spanish.] (Author Text) en_US
dc.language.iso es en_US
dc.publisher SciELO en_US
dc.subject Instrument Validation en_US
dc.subject Screening en_US
dc.subject Culturally Relevant en_US
dc.subject Culturally Specific en_US
dc.subject Culturally-tailored en_US
dc.subject Cultural Competency en_US
dc.subject Battering en_US
dc.subject Domestic Abuse en_US
dc.subject Gender-based Violence en_US
dc.subject Violence Against Women en_US
dc.subject Intimate Partner Violence en_US
dc.subject Spanish en_US
dc.subject Spouse Abuse en_US
dc.subject Dating Violence en_US
dc.subject Economic Abuse en_US
dc.subject Financial Abuse en_US
dc.subject Healthcare en_US
dc.subject Medical Providers en_US
dc.subject Health Professionals en_US
dc.subject International en_US
dc.subject Chile en_US
dc.subject Hispanic en_US
dc.subject Latina en_US
dc.title Adaptación del instrumento WAST para la detección de violencia doméstica en Centros de Salud en_US
dc.title.alternative Cultural adaptation and translation of the Woman Abuse Screening Tool en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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