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Exposure to Family and Friend Homicide in a Nationally Representative Sample of Youth [Author Manuscript]

Show simple item record Turner, Heather Finkelhor, David Henly, Megan 2019-01-15T22:59:03Z 2019-01-15T22:59:03Z 2018
dc.identifier.citation Turner, Heather; Finkelhor, David; Henly, Megan. (2018). Exposure to Family and Friend Homicide in a Nationally Representative Sample of Youth [Author Manuscript]. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30 pgs. en_US
dc.description.abstract This study examines the lifetime prevalence and distribution of family/friend homicide exposure among children and adolescents age 2 to 17 in the United States, and assesses the impact of family/friend homicide on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while controlling for potential co-occurring factors. Data were collected by telephone about the experiences of youth in 2008, 2011, or 2014, as part of the National Surveys of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV). Analyses are based on a pooled sample (n=11,771) from these three surveys. Approximately 8% of all children and youth ages 2 to 17 were exposed to a family/friend homicide. Older adolescents, Black youth, those living in single parent and nonparent family households, those from lower socioeconomic status households, and youth living in large cities were overrepresented among youth experiencing family or friend homicide. Exposed youth were also substantially more likely to be poly-victims, experience other major adversities, and live in neighborhoods with more community disorder. Exposure to family/friend homicide was significantly related to trauma symptoms. However, when other co-occurring factors were taken into account, only family/friend homicide that occurred within the last 2 years remained significant. With respect to delinquency, only nonfamily homicide exposure remained significant with these other factors controlled. Findings suggest that family/friend homicide represents a powerful marker for a broad level of victimization risk and adversity, demonstrating that family/friend murder is often just one relatively small part of a more complicated life of adversity. Although recent exposure is certainly distressing to youth, it is the wider, co-occurring context of poly-victimization and other types of adversity that appears most impactful in the longer term. (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of New Hampshire Crimes Against Children Research Center en_US
dc.subject Survey Results en_US
dc.subject Homicide Survivors en_US
dc.subject Covictims en_US
dc.subject Covictimization en_US
dc.subject Polyvictimization en_US
dc.subject Poly-victimization en_US
dc.subject Children Exposed to Violence en_US
dc.subject Witness to Violence en_US
dc.subject Loved Ones en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Emotional Distress en_US
dc.subject Co-occurring Abuse en_US
dc.subject Co-occurrence en_US
dc.subject Behavioral Health en_US
dc.subject Emotional Burden en_US
dc.subject Psychological Consequences en_US
dc.subject Outcomes en_US
dc.subject Adverse Childhood Experiences en_US
dc.subject Posttraumatic Stress en_US
dc.subject PTSD en_US
dc.subject Trauma en_US
dc.subject Murder en_US
dc.subject Violent Crime en_US
dc.subject Community Violence en_US
dc.subject Delinquency en_US
dc.subject Multitype Victimization en_US
dc.subject Urban High Crime Neighborhoods en_US
dc.subject Disadvantaged en_US
dc.title Exposure to Family and Friend Homicide in a Nationally Representative Sample of Youth [Author Manuscript] en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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