What Works in Reducing Community Violence: A Meta-Review and Field Study for the Northern Triangle

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dc.contributor.author Abt, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Winship, Christopher
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-11T18:30:20Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-11T18:30:20Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Abt, Thomas; Winship, Christopher. (2016). What Works in Reducing Community Violence: A Meta-Review and Field Study for the Northern Triangle. United States Agency for International Development, 53 pages. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/USAID-2016-What-Works-in-Reducing-Community-Violence-Final-Report.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11990/1043
dc.description Report en_US
dc.description.abstract "This report was commissioned by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) for the Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI), a United States government effort primarily executed by both USAID and the U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL). In preparation for this report, we performed a systematic meta-review of 43 reviews, including over 1,400 studies, to identify what works in reducing community violence. In addition, we supplemented our findings with fieldwork in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and the United States, visiting over 20 sites and conducting over 50 semi-structured interviews. We found that a few interventions, such as focused deterrence and cognitive behavioral therapy, exhibited moderate to strong effects on crime and violence and were supported by substantial evidence. A few others, such as scared straight and gun buyback programs, clearly demonstrated no or negative effects. The vast majority of programmatic interventions, however, exhibited weak or modest effects. We identified six “elements of effectiveness” shared by the most impactful interventions, including maintaining a specific focus on those most at risk for violence; proactive efforts to prevent violence before it occurs whenever possible; increasing the perceived and actual legitimacy of strategies and institutions; careful attention to program implementation and fidelity; a well-defined and understood theory of change; and active engagement and partnership with critical stakeholders.Given the modest effects of most interventions, that violence generally clusters around a small number of places, people, and behaviors, and that violence is not displaced from those clusters when they are targeted, we reach the simple yet powerful conclusion that it is advisable to concentrate and coordinate anti-violence efforts where they matter most. We further conclude that increased attention to program implementation and evaluation is necessary. We close with four recommendations to governmental and non-governmental funders with regard to community violence in the Northern Triangle and globally. " (Author Abstract) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher United States Agency for International Development en_US
dc.subject Meta-analysis en_US
dc.subject Case Study en_US
dc.subject Law Enforcement en_US
dc.subject Intervention en_US
dc.subject Behavioral Health Interventions en_US
dc.subject Prevention en_US
dc.subject Outcomes en_US
dc.subject Risk Assessment en_US
dc.subject Violent Crime en_US
dc.subject Homicide en_US
dc.subject Physical Assault en_US
dc.subject Gang Violence en_US
dc.subject Community Violence en_US
dc.title What Works in Reducing Community Violence: A Meta-Review and Field Study for the Northern Triangle en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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